The fishery in the field of science is an academic discipline that includes managing and understanding fishes and related fields of work. It is also known as a multidisciplinary branch of science which highlights the attention towards various disciplines of oceanography, freshwater biology, marine biology, conservation, ecology, limnology, meteorology, population dynamics, economics, statistics, management, decision analysis, and many others in an attempt to provide an integrated view of fisheries. This new discipline has emerged, as in the case of fisheries law and bioeconomics. As this field is an all-encompassing field, scientists often use methods from a broad array of academic disciplines in order to basic insight into this field.
Therefore (B.F.Sc), the bachelor of fisheries science is a bachelor’s degree in India that allows the student to study the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. This includes drawing upon the various multidisciplinary science of breeding, biotechnology, genetics, nutrition, diagnosis of diseases in fishes, farming, other aquatic resources, and medical treatment of aquatic animals. They also include fish processing like canning, freezing, curing, value addition, by-products, waste utilization, quality assurance, and certification. This branch of science is also correlated to fisheries microbiology, fisheries biochemistry, biology, taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, population dynamics, ecology, biodiversity, and all the environmental factors that contribute to the study of marine resources.
The Job list for candidates after completing this course is listed below:-
- Fisheries Biologist
- Fisheries Extension Officer
- Fishery Manager
- Fisheries Officer
- Fishery Technician
- Fishery Observer
- Assistant Fisheries Development Officer
- District Fisheries Development Officer
- The candidate needs to have completed 10+2 from science stream from a recognized educational Board
- As the degree is fisheries science, the candidate needs to have studied science with biology (PCB) till class 12
- The selection process is through different state-level examinations or via all India level (ICAR) Indian Council of Agricultural Research examination
- The aggregate score of the student must be 50%
- The age should be of minimum 20+ years
As mentioned above even, the admission process varies from institute to institute and state to state. Most of the times, colleges require the candidate to qualify an entrance exam or competitive exams like:
- LPU-NEST:- Also known as national entrance and scholarship test is a university level examination conducted twice in a year for admission into various courses like law, engineering, and MBA. Besides this, it is also treated as a scholarship test for students aiming to excel in the field
- AUCET: – It is a state-level entrance examination, also known as Andhra University common entrance test that is conducted by Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam. It is held for candidates seeking admission to postgraduate courses affiliated to Andhra University
- JEE:- Also known as Joint Entrance Examination is an engineering entrance examination conducted for candidates who are willing to seek admission to various engineering colleges in India. It is constituted further by JEE Advanced and JEE Main.
- ICAR:- The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has been entrusted with the responsibility of conducting the all India entrance exam for candidates seeking admission to UG, PG, and Ph.D. courses.
Sometimes the admission of the candidate is also merit-based depending upon the scores of the entrance examination held by the institute in accordance with the B.F.Sc admission procedure and his previous pass percentage of high school.
|Undergraduate||(B.F.Sc) Bachelors in Fisheries Science||4 Years|
|Postgraduate||(M.F.Sc) Masters in Fisheries Science||2 Years|
List of Colleges:-
|1)||College of Fisheries||Karnataka|
|2)||Fisheries College and Research Institute||Tamil Nadu|
|3)||University of Fishery and Ocean Studies||Kerala|
|4)||University of Agriculture and Technology||Orissa|
|5)||Rajendra Agricultural University||Bihar|
|6)||Assam Agricultural University||Assam|
|7)||Gujarat Agricultural University||Gujarat|
|8)||Sri Venkateswara University||Andhra Pradesh|
|9)||University of Animal and Fishery Sciences||Kolkata|
|10)||Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural and Technology||Rajasthan|
Some topics have been listed below for the candidates to have a better knowledge of the field:
- Principles of Aquaculture
- Freshwater Aquaculture
- Taxonomy of Shellfish
- Soil and Water Chemistry
- Food chemistry and Fish in Nutrition
- Information and Communication technology
- Biochemical Techniques and Instrumental
- Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology
- Ornamental Fish Production and Management
- Marine Biology
- Fishing Craft and Gear Technology
- Refrigeration and Freezing Technology
- Canning and Fish Packaging
- Biotechnology and Bioinformatics in Fisheries
Q1) I am going to class 11 and I want to become a fishery scientist, so what should I take up in class 11?
- It is mandatory to take up science in class so that you can pursue your graduation in fisheries.
Q2) is there a master’s degree in this field so that we can apply after completing our graduation?
- Yes! You can apply for M.F.Sc after completing your graduation
Q3) is a fisheries part of agriculture?
- No it is not. Though Fisheries may study various sub-disciplines of science but is not directly a part of the agricultural field.
Q4) Are fisheries a good field?
- It is an ongoing job oriented course or field that is offering numerous job opportunities in today’s time in both the government as well as the private sector.
Q5) Is it compulsory to study biology till class 12 in order to opt for this field?
- Yes it is mandatory to take up PCB that is physics, chemistry, and bio till class 12 in order to pursue this course.