Career Options for Biology Students After 12th Standard

Career Options for Biology Students After 12th Standard

What will I do in future? This is a question which every student worries about in school. Each student lays the foundation of his future dreams in class 11th when they choose their stream. Choosing an education stream is a crucial decision which shapes the future of a child. It is a common notion that students of Mathematics stream have a large number of options ahead as compared to biology students. However, this is a false notion. There is a versatile scope for biology students which give them a number of options to choose from. Some of them are mentioned below,

  1. MBBS

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. This is the most popular course which every biology student wants to pursue. MBBS is a favourite choice of students after class 12th. To get admission in an MBBS college, a student should qualify NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) examination. MBBS is a dream of every biology student who must be ready to serve society. The course duration is five and a half years. It is considered one of the toughest entrance tests in India. Although, a large number of students appear for NEET examination every year. Some popular MBBS colleges in India are,

  • CMC, Vellore
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • JIPMER, Puducherry
  • King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  • Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
  • Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh
  • JNMC, AMU, Aligarh
  • ACPM Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra
  • Padmashri Dr VV Patil Foundation’s Medical College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
  • Rajiv Gandhi Medical College, Thane, Maharashtra
  • Grant Medical College, Byculla, Maharashtra
  • Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra
  • Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Maharashtra
  • BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  • Government Medical College, Ernakulam, Kerala
  • Government Medical College, Idukki, Kerala

2) BDS

BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is an undergraduate degree for students who seek to become dentists. The course duration of BDS is five years. It is considered one of the most prominent and pursued courses after MBBS in India. Presently, there are more than 300 dental universities in India with 26,000 seats in both government and private colleges. Admissions for BDS takes place through NEET exam. The subjects taught in BDS are Dental Histology, Oral Pathology, Oral Surgery, Emergency Medicine, Public Health Dentistry, etc. Some popular BDS colleges are,

  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi
  • King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  • PGIDS, Rohtak
  • Institute of Medical Science, BHU, Varanasi
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal
  • Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai
  • Christian Dental College and Hospital, Ludhiana
  • Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • Government Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  • AMC Dental College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  • College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Sanand, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  • College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
  • Government Dental College, Jamnagar, Gujarat
  • Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu Government Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
  • Government Dental College, Thrissur, Kerala
  • Government Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
  • Burdwan Dental College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal
  • West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal

3) BVSc

BVSc stands for Bachelors of Veterinary Science. It is a field of medical science which deals with treating and curing the diverse type of illnesses of birds and animals. It is an undergraduate course of 5 years in the field of veterinary science that endeavours to impart the knowledge needed for nourishment, medication and breeding of animals. The scope for veterinary sciences is increasing day by day in India. A student should be 12th passed with Physics, Chemistry and Biology to be eligible for Bachelors in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. Such a student is directly admitted to college on the basis of his NEET exam result. However, some colleges conduct their own entrance exams. The topics that are covered in BVSc and AH (Animal Husbandry) are care of laboratory animals, identification of infectious diseases and common ailments, nutritional needs of animals, clinical procedures and management, pre- and post-surgical nursing and research methodology. Some popular colleges for BVSc are,

  • Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences
  • Nagpur Veterinary College
  • Maharashtra Animal and Fisheries Sciences University
  • Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Rajasthan
  • College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan


BAMS stands for Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery. It is a skilled degree in medicine focused on Ayurveda. The duration of this course is five and a half years constituting a one-year internship. In BAMS, students are taught both modern and Ayurvedic concepts as a part of their curriculum. This alternative treatment of therapy is accepted worldwide including the World Health Organization. Therefore, BAMS as a course has opened up many encouraging alternatives for students. The admissions in BAMS colleges are made through NEET exams. Some of the popular BAMS colleges are,

  • Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh
  • State Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
  • Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishwa Vidyalaya, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • Gopabandhu Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Puri, Odisha
  • KATS Ayurveda College, Berhampur, Odisha
  • Ayurveda College, Pariyaram, Kannur, Kerala
  • Vaidyaratnam PS Varier Ayurveda College, Malappuram, Kerala

5) BPharma

B. Pharma or PharmaB stands for Bachelor of Pharmacy. It is an undergraduate degree in the field of pharmacy. After completion of B. Pharma students can work in several fields such as being a pharmacist, patient counselling, doing further studies such as a master’s degree, working in a university as a lecturer, or working as a drug information specialist. Admissions in B. Pharma colleges are not through NEET. For getting enrolled in a B. Pharma college a student must have at least fifty percentile in their class 12th subjects- biology, physics, chemistry respectively. There could be minimum marks criteria mentioned by the Institute/University offering the course. Some of the popular colleges of B. Pharma are,

  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • IIT BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana
  • Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana
  • NIPER, Mohali, Punjab
  • Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, Punjab
  • BITS, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • CM College of Pharmacy, Secunderabad, Telangana
  • Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
  • Madurai Medical College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
  • College of Pharmaceutical Science, Government TD Medical College, Alappuzha, Kerala
  • College of Pharmaceutical Science, Kozhikode, Kerala

6) BSc

BSc stands for Bachelor of Science. It is an undergraduate course opted by a number of students after passing class 12th. Those students who wish to pursue research in the future, BSc is a terrific idea for them. The duration of this course is 3 years. It is generally followed by an MSc of 2years. Some of the well-known BSc programs available for biology students are,

  • B.Sc. Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. Biology
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Environmental Science
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. Nursing
  • B.Sc. Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. Radiology
  • B.Sc. Bioinformatics
  • B.Sc. Anthropology
  • B.Sc. Microbiology
  • B.Sc. Zoology
  • B.Sc. Forensic Science
  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Pathology
  • B.Sc. Speech Therapy
  • B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Genetics
  • B.Sc. Health Science and Nutrition
  • B.Sc. Sports Science
  • B.Sc. Audiology
  • B.Sc. Botany

There are a number of universities and colleges in cities where a student can seek a BSc course. However, some of the popular colleges are,

  • Stephen’s College, New Delhi
  • Presidency College, Kolkata
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • St. Joseph’s College, Bangalore
  • Guru Nanak College Chennai
  • St. Andrews College of Arts Science and Commerce
  • St. Thomas College Palai, Kerala
  • Andhra University Faculty of Science
  • Loyola College, Kanpur
  • Shree Shakti Degree College Kanpur
  • Presidency College (Chennai)
  • St. Xavier’s College – Ahmedabad
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Madras Christian College
  • Christ College/University, Bangalore
  • Mount Carmel College, Bangalore
  • Kalinga Mahavidyalaya, Kandhamal, Orissa
  • Hans Raj College, Delhi/NCR
  • Acharya Nagarjuna University, Department of Education
  • A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College

Other Options

Apart from the above-mentioned, there are a number of other courses as well.

  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Diploma Courses
  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)
  • Management Courses (BBA, BMS etc.)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  • Paramedical courses (MLT courses, Radiography courses, OTT courses, Audiology and Speech Therapy course, Optometry courses, Speech Therapy courses, DHLS)

Hence, there are numerous options for biology students to choose from after class 12th. Each stream has its own importance.


  1. Does Pharmacy have a scope in India?

Answer) Certainly, Pharmacy has scope in India. However, it is important to make sure that it is pursued by a good college. Some students also follow it with a relevant Master’s degree which helps them in the long run. Some popular colleges for B. Pharma are mentioned in the above article. Check them out.

  1. What is the eligibility criteria for BUMS?

Answer) The basic eligibility criteria for seeking Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS) course is a pass degree in class 12th in Science stream with subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized college or institute.

  1. What are the subjects taught in BHMS?

Answer) A number of subjects are taught in Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. They are named as,

  • Organon of Medicine
  • Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Embryology
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Homeopathic Materia Medica
  • Pathology
  • Parasitology
  • Bacteriology
  • Virology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology
  • Surgery [ENT, Eye, Dental]
  • Homeotherapeutic
  • Obstetrics
  • Gynaecology
  • Infant Care
  • Repertory
  • Community Medicine
  1. What is Agricultural Sciences?

Answer) Agricultural science is a vast multidisciplinary field of biology that comprises the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and knowledge of agriculture.

Written by
Akanksha Sharma
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